2025: A fictional tale (part 2)

April 11, 2007 at 3:55 pm | Posted in Just writing | Leave a comment

Note: this is a long story so going to break it up into two parts. This is part two.

A History of the Orchid Revolution by Modernburrow (written in 2050)

Pg 209 – 2025 CE

From June 29, 2025 Philip Kung is Dictator, and institutes a flurry of reforms in an attempt to save the Republic. The period comes to be known as the 100 Days Reform.  Within three months of his election as Dictator, Kung manages to pass many reforms to the institutions of the Republic.

Election Reforms

Election Fees are fixed to the average monthly wage of the previous year. Also the voting age is lowered to 18.

The Elections Commission is establish as an independent body which is comprised of 15 members. 6 are appointed by the President, 1 by the Chief Justice, 8 by the Senate (more on that later). Boundaries are to be redrawn every 10 years after the Census or Household survey. Each seat is to represent a roughly equal amount of electors. With the maximum number of  First -past-the-post seats in parliament capped at the total number of electors divided by 25,000.

Uber Constituencies (UC) are capped at 4 MP maximum, and 3 MP GRC are to comprise of 75% of all UC. UC are also not be comprise more than 60% of the total number of First-Past-the-Post seats.

Proportional Representation seats are introduced as well. The number of such seats are set at 30% of the total number of first-past-the-post seats. Candidates are selected from party lists submitted by the parties at the time of nominations. Also those on party lists cannot run for first-past-the -post seats. Electors choose on their ballots which first-past-the-post candidate they support and which party they support. The top party gains 35% of the Proportional Representation seats, while the party that comes in second gets 30%, and the party that comes in third gets 20%, with the remaining 15% divide equally amongst the remaining parties that got more than 5% of the electoral vote. If there are less than 4 parties then there will be no Proportional Representation seats during that seating of parliament.

Parliamentary Reforms

Parliament is converted into a bicameral legislature with the People’s Assembly (PA) forming the lower house and retaining all the powers of the previous unicameral Parliament. The Prime Minister and his cabinet will be selected from the PA. PA committees are to be filled with MPs from both sides of the house proportionate to their numbers (with a minimum of 1 Opposition MP). If there is only one party, then a Senator will take the place of the Opposition MP. A compulsory retirement age of 72 is imposed on all MPs.

Creation of the Senate (Upper House). Senators are capped at the total number of the electorate divided by 100,000, with the minimum set at 20. All members of the Senate are appointed for a term of 5 years, with the term limit set at 3 terms. The minimum age is set at 35 for being appointed as senator. A Senator must be a Citizen of good standing who has performed a significant service for the community, or has made important contributions to the country, or represents a distinct interest group. Also all Senators cannot have party affiliations past or present. Certain organizations are guaranteed seats. The National Religious Council (which all officially recognized religions must join) gets 2 seats. The National Volunteer Council gets 1 Senator. The trade unions get 1 Senator. The National Welfare Organization gets 1 seat. The National Chamber of Commerce gets 1 Senator. The Women’s Action Group gets 1 seat. The Environmental Lobby gets 1 seat. The Medical Society gets 1 seat and the Legal Council gets 1 seat. Each minority group over 5% of the population is awarded 1 Senator. All these seats are appointed by the President. The remaining Senators are appointed by a Selections Committee. The Selections Committee is comprised of 9 members, of which 4 are selected by the President, 2 by the previous government, 1 by the Chief Justice and 2 are the ex-chairman and secretary of the previous Selections Committee.

The Senate is granted the power to veto a bill that is passed by the PA, and force the PA to make amendments to the bill before resubmission. A bill can only be vetoed twice, on the third passing of the bill by the PA, it is sent to the President. The PA can override a Senate veto if the bill is passed by a “two thirds +1″ vote on the bill. The Senate has no power to amend bills, it is a straight up-down vote on each bill that is presented before it by the PA. It can, however, suggest amendments to be made by the PA. The Senate is given special powers with relation to the annual governmental budget. While they may not amend the budget, they are allowed to veto the budget indefinitely (the override can still be used). If the new fiscal year starts and the budget has yet to pass, then an emergency supplemental budget kicks on based on last year’s budget with an inflation adjustment. The emergency budget expires when a new budget is passed.

Legal Reforms

The Internal Peace and Security Act (IPSA) goes through major overhauls. Under the reforms, a person can no longer be detained indefinitely without trial under IPSA. Instead he can be held without trial for one month, after which the Home Minister may seek an extension of one month from the IPSA tribunal made up of 1 Senator and 2 Supreme Court Justices. After that a further two weeks extension must be sought from the Senate Committee of Legal Affairs. So a person can be detained under IPSA for a total of 10 weeks, after which a case must be brought against him, or he must be released. Also the initial IPSA warrant must be signed by the Home Minister, President and President of the Senate. The Secret Police is also disbanded. Instead all future cases under IPSA will be handled by the counter-terrorism bureau within the Police Force.

All print publications are not longer required to renew their licenses annually. Instead they are given either 3 year licenses or 2 year licenses, which is determined by the Information Minister. Also Broadcast stations are given 4 year or 2 year licenses.

A Freedom of Information Act is implemented. Any non-classified information must be released upon request. Any information classified as Restricted has a one year waiting period, while those classed as Classified have a 2 month waiting period. Secret documents have a ten year waiting period, Top Secret documents have a 30 year waiting period. Super Top Secret documents have a 50 year waiting period. Furthermore all classification must follow the standardized rules on classifications. Any misuse of the classification system will lead to a review of the document by the FIA review committee which is appointed by the President.

These are just a smattering of the reforms conducted by Kung during his time as Dictator. After the 100 Days Reform, Kung set about preparing for fresh parliamentary elections, which he set at January 30, 2026.  Also Presidential elections were set on the same date. Despite entreaties from many quarters for Kung to run as President or to form a party to contest the election, he stated that he was done after these elections, and leaves the future of the Republic to other capable hands. Upon the election of a new PA, Senate and President, Kung stepped down as Dictator, and returned to his hobby of blogging and his old job as a agricultural science researcher. It was later revealed by the Treasury Minister in the 2026 Budget Debates that while as Dictator, Kung drew a salary of $6000/ month, far less than his $8000/month he was making as a Lead Researcher.

This is the end of it. I hoped you enjoyed it. I also hope that this piece of fiction is realistic enough for most of you. Please note that this does not represent any particular country as speculated by the comments in Part 1. There is no such country in existence in this world. This country exists purely in my mind, because I have a vivid imagination. 

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